Erasmus Rwinkesha – Assessments

As a Man Thinketh
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main idea that the author is trying to convey in the book?

The main idea the author is trying to convey is about how to use mind for thinking.
Mind is the part of a person that enables him/her to think and even feel emotions and being creative and innovative. It is in that regard that the author is reminding us to use our minds and not letting them be idle. There is a saying that an idle mind is devil’s workshop. We should use our minds to think and think rightly not wrongly.

A case in point is where I used my mind to think of applying for this course of leadership, someone who has not thought of applying for this and yet hard the capacity and means will never acquire that knowledge in as far as leadership is concerned. It is only good thought that drive world. If a person is sick and does not think of going for treatment in time at the right place, he/she can definitely die or get serious complications as a result of using his/her mind accordingly. The author indeed wants to mean that our thought tends to governor our lives, without thoughts, we can remain ragging behind, compared to the ones with good thoughts. Projects are born because of thoughts and later on they are implemented to bring production, for our prosperity. Therefore this book has good teachings to us and to them.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally Most important to you and why? List these seven ideas followed by an explanation after each one as to why it was important to you. Use examples from your own life.

i. Most people do not control their patterns of thinking and are therefore controlled by endless assaults of fruitless thoughts and regret accompanied with wishing for more.

There is a saying that time wasted never gained. Most of the people think but the problem is that, they don’t think rightly. If I give a personal example, one time I had a thought concerning piggery farm. I remained with this idea until I planned to implement it .I looked for finance (money).I built a pigpen and was slightly expensive. When I finished that, of course I brought pigs which were also part of the project to start as it was thought .There was a need to look for a person to care for them in as far as feeding was concerned. According to my reflection afterwards, I did not think deeply on two major elements and these were not deeply on two major elements and these were:
Food for the pigs: These were very expensive and since I was not the one to care for them as I hard another job that couldn’t allow me, then the pigs started to starve.
The farm was far from me: This was also a major factor to consider. It was far from me and the shepherd could not tell me rightly the prevailing situation.
Therefore I regretted due to the fact that my project did not succeed as it was expected.

ii. The idea about “Knowing.”

That allows us to set bigger goals dream bigger dreams and feel good about ourselves when the goal is attained. A goal is something one is looking forward to achieve .It is like an ambition one has for his future. One cannot set bigger goals without having the information all knowing the area targeted. I set a goal to attain my masters degree in business administration .However, this planned after getting the information related to the course .If I had set it without knowing it. That is the value of it, the cost to finish it, the competitive result; I would not achieve my goal as expected. It is that perspective that one has to first get the information or knowing the area, exhaust the concerned project, business or job to mention but a few. This will allow he/she succeed.

iii. Every act of human springs from the hidden seed of thought, and could not appear without them.

This idea is very important to me as it teaches me that there can’t be any action which does not come as a result of though .At the beginning of this year of 2021.I talked to my elder brother who is a PHD holder, he had a thought of starting as school. He thought of commencing a nursery and primary school due to the fact that the homes surrounding his home had no enough schools for their children and there are a lot of different levels in as far as income is concerned. He wanted all levels to benefit because one couldn’t find that those families which have high incomes couldn’t be able to pay school fees in expensive school and even transport .The middle and low level incomes had also to be thought of paving a way for their children. He later on started the school as result of the idea delivered from that thought.

iv. The human is made or un made by him or herself.

This goes with use of his/his thought. When a thought is used badly, it bears bad fruits and if used in a good way, they will be able to give goal fruits.
A case in point is where we see youth taking drugs and opium, they become addicted to these and they don’t look for other means of development. If they can think of charging their bad actions, then think of making some income generating activities or look for jobs which can permit them to have proper survival.

v. Man’s mind may be compared to a garden.

He this idea given by the author is telling us to use our mind in a good way. He tries to explain in comparison with mind in a garden which is not well cultivated and allows useless seeds to grow like weeds. If a human mind is not usefully used. It will create problems instead of preventing them. If my mind is trained only to abuse people, beat them, one day they will defeat me and beat me serious to the extent of being hospitalized hence loosing time, money, and trust.
This will lead to decline lead to decline of my family’s well being

vi. A rich who is the victim of a painful and persistent diseases as the result of gluttony.
Gluttony means an excessive greedy eater.

There is a saying that too much of everything is always bad. When one is aware of the cause of something like a disease, he/she should stop it otherwise it can’t be a good thought if it continues with it.

vii. Good thoughts and actions can never produce bad results.

Concerning the two above mentioned phrases we have very good examples here in our country Rwanda where the leaders of Rwanda before 1994 that bad thoughts which brought bad ideologies that later on led to Genocide that killed more than 1M of Tutsi people.
We also got other leaders after Genocide who reversed the situation and used their good thoughts to re-build our country. We had as if we started at zero and went on improving till today where there is a tremendous change in all sectors, economical, politically, and socially. To mention but a few.

3. How will these to ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so how?

All the above mentioned ideas and even the ones I have not mentioned will help during daily working conditions and even at home as a manager of my home or even in the society since am a leader in local level. They will help me to pay attention on my thoughts and for the other like my colleague where I can even advise them where necessary and possible. They will also help me to make rational decisions that cannot bring problems or make me regret due to negative results.
Not forgetting creating love among people be it at home, in the society and even at work. These items will be reminding us to avoid being selfish.

4. Quotes: Are there any statement which the author made that particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why they were important to you.

“Man is Mind.”

This statement is important is important to me because it has made me think deeply to find the reason why man is mind and yet has many different parts that function differently.
I realized that mind is the one which contains thoughts and thoughts play a very important role in the life of a human being.

“Man is the make, Master, and Molder of character.”

Before reading this book, I didn’t know exactly that a character of a person can change from bad to good.

“However, a man is the Maker, Master and Molder and this means that a character can change and this is a very important idea I have gained from the author of this book.”

The statement telling us who is a foolish Master, wise Master and conscious Master.

“Foolish Master. The one characterized by weakness and degradation. The one with weak thought cannot help him or others. The wise master makes a reverse of the foolish master.”

This statement will be reminding me the categories of master and indeed help me to avoid being called a foolish master, but fight wholeheartedly to be a wise master.

“When a man earnestly applies himself to remedy the defects in his character, and makes swift and marked progress rapidly though a success of vicissitudes.”

This statement reminds me how I can change my characters that are not pleasant or good to the society. This can help me to fit in the community and even at work to mingle in joy and cooperation among the worker.

5. Is there anything in the book that you do not understand or are un clear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and ,if so, how?

Nature helps every man to the gratification of the thoughts. I have not understood how nature is connected to the gratification of thought since there is somewhere else the author wrote that people are not taught how to think. I think nature of a person cannot change but people can be taught how to think and think in the right way.

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises, and did you find them helpful?

No, this book does not contain exercises. Yes, question 6 concerning exercises .The author did not include exercises in his book to make the readers understand.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous questions? if so, please comment.

None.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 9
B. How helpful were the contents? 9
C. How easy was it to understand? 9
D. Would you recommend it to others? 9
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

 

Jonathan Livingston Seagull
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main Idea that the author is trying to convey in book?

The author is trying to teach us that we should always aim higher and never be discouraged by other people. Jonathan Livingstone whom we are told in this book started flying but, he had a lot of discouragement even from his parents but, continue without fear.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally most important to you? List these seven idea followed by an explanation after each one as to why it was important to you. Use personal examples from your own life.

i. The idea that the kind of thinking Jonathan Livingston, found, its main intention was not to make him popular with other birds.

Always if one makes new things or becomes creative and innovative, the popularity comes towards him/her running after him though it was not the aim of doing that. His intention was to know how to fly and this was not known by other birds.

ii. Jonathan Livingston”s parents were very much dismayed indeed.

His parents had a lot of pain and anxiety due to Jonathan Livingston’s act of flying many meters when for them wanted him to look for food only like other birds. Jonathan Livingston. Jonathan continued to do his practical work of flying since he knew what he was doing .An example is where many people can tell me to stop studying this new course of leadership that Iam using a lot of efforts, instead of using them in enjoying like drinking and eating with other men and women. I know I want to study it and when I complete it, can be very useful to me in as far as life is concerned in one way or another. Here I can keep deaf to them and later on they can realize the importance of studying such a course and start also looking for it asking me how to trace it.

iii. Jonathan Livingston was told by his parent that he should know that he is a bone and a feather.

He didn’t mind because he was interested in knowing what he can do in air and what he cannot manage to do. It is like when a person wants to do business and he /she first do fusibility study before starting. This ends with results that help in making decision.

iv. Jonathan Livingston seagull reached the point where he could not be careful enough on upstroke.

The wings started to be pulled up. He tried ten times to overcome that as he was passing seventy miles per hour. This point is very important to me because it is reminding me that I should never give up. I should stick on what I have thought and expect it to be useful to me. One should always try until succeed.

v. Jonathan Livingston seagulls

By the time he passed fifty miles per hour, he started rolling into his dive, beak straight down. He gained momentum and continued his work. There is a proverb which says that one should try and fail but never fail to try. Therefore Jonathan did not cease to try and as he tried. He could get strength instead. This teaches me to always try until I reach my expected.

vi. We can lift ourselves out of ignorance; we can find ourselves as creatures of excellence, intelligence and skills.

This teaching teaches that we people for example should fight our ignorance ,value the fact that we are very important creatures and on addition to that we should find ourselves and increase skills and use them. He also emphasized the element of freedom.

vii. The one who were against Jonathan Livingston that he should not go to fight.

They later on joined him and mistook the place with heaven and started to have a lot of smile. This reminds us that we should never discourage other people in case we have not made any proper analysis.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so, how?

I have learned a lot in this book and will help me in my future .This story teaches me to learn and understand, discover, and to be free .These three elements have a very great relationship in life. When one understands the situation or what need for development is for example and he is free, can discover. A case is Jonathan we are told in this book, he used his time though people including his parents were not supporting his idea, but later on other gulls which had refused his ideas followed him and even requested him to teach them how to fly. This book therefore will teach me how to stick on my decision so long as it is the rational one.

This book also teaches me how to fight boredom, fear and anger. When I fight these, will help me to work well with others and not only cooperating with others but also getting an opportunity to be creative and innovative at work and even in the society. Many people do not make such changes due to fear and not using their time accordingly. This book reminds me that there is no gain without pain. Jonathan worked very hard and with a lot of discouragement, advising him to look for food only and leave that business of flying. He did not get any fear but instead his efforts were increased and worked wholeheartedly.

Jonathan in his last words advised other gulls to embrace love among themselves. This is as well a lesson to me now and in the future. With love everything will be possible. Love makes people free and if I become a leader and I shall make that sure I manifest love among people I shall be leading. Jonathan in this book is seen practicing his kindness. This indeed teaches be to be always kind. This will help me a sense of control hence building a good home, village and my country at large. Kindness will also help me to a very good people to other people since a leader should be exemplary according to the qualities of a good leader. This is of course linked to the good performance of a person as here in our country Rwanda we work basing on performance contracts we given by the one responsible for that.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why they were important to you.

This kind of thinking he had was not the way of making him popular to other gulls. It was not his intention. He was not interested in that above mentioned idea but he wanted practice for his own benefit.

“I am limited by my nature. If I were meant to learn so much about flying. I would have chats for brains, short wings, and live on mice instead of fish.”

This reminds people who are lazy and don’t want to do something or work, they look for various excuses and at the of the day fail to perfume for their betterment.

“As he sank low in the water, a strange hollow voice sounded within him.”

This is not common where one can hear a voice in himself.

5. Is there anything in the book that you do not understand or are un clear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and ,if so, how?

The statement: He learned to sleep in the air. I don’t understand how one can learn to sleep in air. Sleeping is the act that comes involuntarily, it happens without ones attention. Therefore it does not need learning. It different from driving or flying where one can learn how to do it.

Another statement he made that surprised me is where he said, so this is heaven, he thought he had reached heaven and could smile at himself. Heaven according to bible is a holy place where one cannot feel any pain, hunger and angry and no thirsty. Is I therefore asked myself whether heaven is the same as the sky where he was flying or may wanted to use a metaphor!

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises and did you find them helpful?

This book does not contain exercises. This book could have covered that book of exercises as it is used in the area of academics.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous questions? If so, please comment.

I conclude my work thank you from the bottom my heart for having accepted my request and permitted me to do this very interesting and helpful course. I shall try by all means to use a lot of efforts and do whatever you will ask me do.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

Keys to Success
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main Idea that the author is trying to convey in this book?

The author is trying to convey the Idea of not limiting ourselves in as far as richness is concerned. He has shown us various ways or keys we can use to grow rich .Some of them are as follows:
The major one he continued to emphasis in this book as a foundation of success is that of developing definiteness of major purpose. Others are like to establish a mastermind of alliance, assemble an attractive personality, to use applied faith, Go the extra mile, create a personal initiative, Build positive mental attitude .All of these and others that are not mentioned, can open the doors of success so long as one uses them accordingly. Most of the people use some of these principles without knowing them, just because they see their friends and co-workers using them and succeed.

2. What were the seven Ideas which were personally Most important to you and why? List these ideas followed by explanation after each one as to why it was important to you? Use personal examples from your own life.

i. Develop definiteness of major purpose:

This idea has opened my mind to the extent of start asking myself some questions:
What is the major purpose of studying this course of leadership?
This because I previously knew that these courses of leadership are studied by those big officials or top managers (leaders) heading big Institutions, Politicians and many others in big posts. I made a reflection to myself and asked myself, what the major purpose is then if at all am not among these leaders of the above mentioned levels.
However, I came to realize that I also need this course and my major purpose is to acquire knowledge of which I can use in different aspects of my life. I can get a promotion, change a job or create myself, hence reaching success. This is accompanied by a proverb in this book which says; “if you would plant for days, plant flowers, if you would plant years, plant tree and if you would plant for eternity plant ideas.”

ii. Alertness to Opportunity: The story of Edward Bok written in this book reminds me an assistant to my mason who were working together on my house.

A month ago they were doing various activities on my house like making a siring, painting the house to mention but a few. That assistant was a hardworking young man. He works wholeheartedly, could work as if he was working on his own house. The mason also works very hard, but the difference was that he was very expensive. He charges a lot of money compared to the work. The assistant is a quick learner. One day, I wanted to give the Mason another work that was remaining and it was not a part of the work he had completed, he charged me a lot of money and yet the work was very easy.
Due to the fact that the assistant had been manifesting is attractive personality and self –discipline while at work and on addition to that, he was not all that expensive .I gave him the work instead and did the work as it was expected. If one can see the opportunities as quick as possible, then he can succeed if you marshal then efficiently and effectively.

iii. Select the members of your alliance

The author advises us not to select or choose people for alliance merely because you like or know them .There is a friend of mine who established a business that was dealing with constructive materials. The business started booming at first because his wife was doing it herself. They earned their profits, paid taxes accordingly and customer loyalty was among her considerations. The woman became sick and let the business to be managed by her young sister. Her sister did not bother to prepare her books of accounts as well as paying the required taxes like before. The taxes accumulated and later on the business became very complicated and then collapsed. This was due to the choice that was made basing on the family relationship and neglecting the major factors such as the ability to do the work, ability to do the work in harmony and other considerations that are very crucial for success.

iv. Flexibility

The author of this book wrote a statement saying that, being able to adapt yourself quickly to changing circumstances and emergencies without panic or loss of temper is a significant skill as you struggle to succeed. I am among the local leaders at a village level in charge of development. Our top leaders at the District level promised to work on our road(fund) it to make it tarmac .However, the rain continued to damage it meanwhile looking forward for the starting of our funders. It was in that perspective that we as a team of a leaders had an initiative to try by all means and mobilize funds from people to at least put on a gravelly lateritic material (Marram) as a prevention for further damages which would likely to extend to the houses of the people around due to heavy rain which brings floods. The alliance started to succeed almost to begin implementing the action derived from our much effort. Nonetheless, some few people started to bring negative attitudes, discouraging people. Different reactions started on what sup platform until we decided to stop for a while since it had brought a lot of disagreement .We developed flexibility by allowing numerous ideas that can drive us towards our major goal.
I liked the phrase the author of this book wrote saying, A Chameleon is still a chameleon regardless of whether it is brown or green. We remained to be firm although we permitted flexibility in our plans.

v. Positive attitude, the cornerstone of an attractive personality.

I Am sure I do more than an paid for with good heart A case in point is where am caught with a lot of work at the office and I work wholeheartedly to the extent of exceeding time. I don’t ask for extra money for that but instead I become very happy and being excited by the reasonable production derived from the work done. The writer of this book also reminds me the “Golden rule”. To treat other people precisely as you wish to treat yourself. Where one finger is pointing to others, the rest of the fingers are point to you. Instead of judging for others, I first examine myself and see whether am thriving to do the right things in the right time to the right place.

vi. Criticizing without Destroying Enthusiasm.

The story of Andrew Carnegies and his Secretary is an amazing story and has taught me a lot in as far as criticism is concerned. At first he was efficient, dependable, and had a pleasing personality. The approach Carnegie used changed his secretary from bad to good behaviors and him to succeed. I myself I believe in dynamism of a human being. Firing an employee is not a priority before approaching him/her for the mistakes, errors, and indiscipline. One should first ask him to change.

vii. Tolerance

It pays a lot because you may make an immediate decision and fire the employee when he could change and make wonders .A person can change and become a good employee hence reaching his/her success.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so, how?

These Ideas or lessons will help me in a practical way both in your life and helping me to create a better world as follows:

Develop definiteness of major purpose: Most of the times we move without knowing where we are going. This idea will help me to first understand and define the purpose of my journey towards achieving my goal. This will help me on my side and even to be able to help others be it in business and to different people working in various institutions, hence reaching success.

Alertness to opportunity: This has taught me to pay attention to every opportunity and make sure that I don’t lose it anyhow. It will indeed help me to encourage other people most especially the ones I work with, the community not to misuse the opportunities they come across and through this, the idea will extend worldwide. This will result into success of many people. The idea that tells us that the intangible power of thought is our wealth, has taught me a lesson of knowing that we should think deeply to be creative for our betterment. I shall be spreading the gospel of saying that thought of a human being is the major resource as the so called minerals and other natural resources can lead us to success when there are no good thoughts to use them for the benefits of people. The emphasis that will be invested in this will yield much harvest to me and many people in our country and beyond the borders

Selection of the members of the alliance. The institution which has poor performers caused by poor selection of employees cannot develop .This idea of good selection of members of alliance is very crucial to me .I will embrace the idea of good selection of alliance in whatever I shall be planning to do in my family, at work, and beyond that, hence helping for my success.

Flexibility: This lesson will help me to use flexibility disposition where I shall be able to harmonize any situation without panic or losing temper. Sometimes, the situation, environment, conditions change from negative to bad and people leave their responsibilities. This has therefore to always be flexible and adapt with any situation prevailing. This will not only help me and my family but also the people I work with or I shall be leading.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that particularly got attention? Or are there ideas which you disagree with and if so, why?

“The Six departments of mind over which self-discipline can be maintained.”
The author mentioned different departments such as the ego or the will power, the faculty of emotions, the faculty of conscience, and the faculty of Memory. I paid attention to this because I only knew the parts of brain uch as the Medulla Oblingota, the cerebrum, celebelum, frontal bones, parietal bones and the occipital. It was very interesting to know all the departments of mind and understanding their functions.

“Going the extra mile means that you strengthen your ability to do your job and to do it well. The author explained that carrying out your tasks in a state of mind focused on improving the best service possible in the best possible attitude reinforces your skills.”

This phrase or statement of extra mile helped me to get more understanding it since am always eager to make an extra mile at my work.

5. Is there anything in this book that you do not understand or are unclear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and, if so, why?

The Ideas which I disagree with are:
People who have money to give will expect to receive something in return. I disagree with this statement because I know that there are very many people who do work of charity without expecting something in return. May be if he was also including heaven which one acquires after death.

A person’s salary is determined by the sort of service he/she renders. I also disagree with this statement since some people determine salaries basing on sentiments, relationship and many others.

6 .Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the excises and did you find them helpful?

No exercises, I did not complete the exercise because the book does not contain them.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous question? if so, please comment.

This book did not include the part of exercises that would help us to get more understanding.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10