Erasmus Rwinkesha – Assessments

As a Man Thinketh
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main idea that the author is trying to convey in the book?

The main idea the author is trying to convey is about how to use mind for thinking.
Mind is the part of a person that enables him/her to think and even feel emotions and being creative and innovative. It is in that regard that the author is reminding us to use our minds and not letting them be idle. There is a saying that an idle mind is devil’s workshop. We should use our minds to think and think rightly not wrongly.

A case in point is where I used my mind to think of applying for this course of leadership, someone who has not thought of applying for this and yet hard the capacity and means will never acquire that knowledge in as far as leadership is concerned. It is only good thought that drive world. If a person is sick and does not think of going for treatment in time at the right place, he/she can definitely die or get serious complications as a result of using his/her mind accordingly. The author indeed wants to mean that our thought tends to governor our lives, without thoughts, we can remain ragging behind, compared to the ones with good thoughts. Projects are born because of thoughts and later on they are implemented to bring production, for our prosperity. Therefore this book has good teachings to us and to them.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally Most important to you and why? List these seven ideas followed by an explanation after each one as to why it was important to you. Use examples from your own life.

i. Most people do not control their patterns of thinking and are therefore controlled by endless assaults of fruitless thoughts and regret accompanied with wishing for more.

There is a saying that time wasted never gained. Most of the people think but the problem is that, they don’t think rightly. If I give a personal example, one time I had a thought concerning piggery farm. I remained with this idea until I planned to implement it .I looked for finance (money).I built a pigpen and was slightly expensive. When I finished that, of course I brought pigs which were also part of the project to start as it was thought .There was a need to look for a person to care for them in as far as feeding was concerned. According to my reflection afterwards, I did not think deeply on two major elements and these were not deeply on two major elements and these were:
Food for the pigs: These were very expensive and since I was not the one to care for them as I hard another job that couldn’t allow me, then the pigs started to starve.
The farm was far from me: This was also a major factor to consider. It was far from me and the shepherd could not tell me rightly the prevailing situation.
Therefore I regretted due to the fact that my project did not succeed as it was expected.

ii. The idea about “Knowing.”

That allows us to set bigger goals dream bigger dreams and feel good about ourselves when the goal is attained. A goal is something one is looking forward to achieve .It is like an ambition one has for his future. One cannot set bigger goals without having the information all knowing the area targeted. I set a goal to attain my masters degree in business administration .However, this planned after getting the information related to the course .If I had set it without knowing it. That is the value of it, the cost to finish it, the competitive result; I would not achieve my goal as expected. It is that perspective that one has to first get the information or knowing the area, exhaust the concerned project, business or job to mention but a few. This will allow he/she succeed.

iii. Every act of human springs from the hidden seed of thought, and could not appear without them.

This idea is very important to me as it teaches me that there can’t be any action which does not come as a result of though .At the beginning of this year of 2021.I talked to my elder brother who is a PHD holder, he had a thought of starting as school. He thought of commencing a nursery and primary school due to the fact that the homes surrounding his home had no enough schools for their children and there are a lot of different levels in as far as income is concerned. He wanted all levels to benefit because one couldn’t find that those families which have high incomes couldn’t be able to pay school fees in expensive school and even transport .The middle and low level incomes had also to be thought of paving a way for their children. He later on started the school as result of the idea delivered from that thought.

iv. The human is made or un made by him or herself.

This goes with use of his/his thought. When a thought is used badly, it bears bad fruits and if used in a good way, they will be able to give goal fruits.
A case in point is where we see youth taking drugs and opium, they become addicted to these and they don’t look for other means of development. If they can think of charging their bad actions, then think of making some income generating activities or look for jobs which can permit them to have proper survival.

v. Man’s mind may be compared to a garden.

He this idea given by the author is telling us to use our mind in a good way. He tries to explain in comparison with mind in a garden which is not well cultivated and allows useless seeds to grow like weeds. If a human mind is not usefully used. It will create problems instead of preventing them. If my mind is trained only to abuse people, beat them, one day they will defeat me and beat me serious to the extent of being hospitalized hence loosing time, money, and trust.
This will lead to decline lead to decline of my family’s well being

vi. A rich who is the victim of a painful and persistent diseases as the result of gluttony.
Gluttony means an excessive greedy eater.

There is a saying that too much of everything is always bad. When one is aware of the cause of something like a disease, he/she should stop it otherwise it can’t be a good thought if it continues with it.

vii. Good thoughts and actions can never produce bad results.

Concerning the two above mentioned phrases we have very good examples here in our country Rwanda where the leaders of Rwanda before 1994 that bad thoughts which brought bad ideologies that later on led to Genocide that killed more than 1M of Tutsi people.
We also got other leaders after Genocide who reversed the situation and used their good thoughts to re-build our country. We had as if we started at zero and went on improving till today where there is a tremendous change in all sectors, economical, politically, and socially. To mention but a few.

3. How will these to ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so how?

All the above mentioned ideas and even the ones I have not mentioned will help during daily working conditions and even at home as a manager of my home or even in the society since am a leader in local level. They will help me to pay attention on my thoughts and for the other like my colleague where I can even advise them where necessary and possible. They will also help me to make rational decisions that cannot bring problems or make me regret due to negative results.
Not forgetting creating love among people be it at home, in the society and even at work. These items will be reminding us to avoid being selfish.

4. Quotes: Are there any statement which the author made that particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why they were important to you.

“Man is Mind.”

This statement is important is important to me because it has made me think deeply to find the reason why man is mind and yet has many different parts that function differently.
I realized that mind is the one which contains thoughts and thoughts play a very important role in the life of a human being.

“Man is the make, Master, and Molder of character.”

Before reading this book, I didn’t know exactly that a character of a person can change from bad to good.

“However, a man is the Maker, Master and Molder and this means that a character can change and this is a very important idea I have gained from the author of this book.”

The statement telling us who is a foolish Master, wise Master and conscious Master.

“Foolish Master. The one characterized by weakness and degradation. The one with weak thought cannot help him or others. The wise master makes a reverse of the foolish master.”

This statement will be reminding me the categories of master and indeed help me to avoid being called a foolish master, but fight wholeheartedly to be a wise master.

“When a man earnestly applies himself to remedy the defects in his character, and makes swift and marked progress rapidly though a success of vicissitudes.”

This statement reminds me how I can change my characters that are not pleasant or good to the society. This can help me to fit in the community and even at work to mingle in joy and cooperation among the worker.

5. Is there anything in the book that you do not understand or are un clear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and ,if so, how?

Nature helps every man to the gratification of the thoughts. I have not understood how nature is connected to the gratification of thought since there is somewhere else the author wrote that people are not taught how to think. I think nature of a person cannot change but people can be taught how to think and think in the right way.

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises, and did you find them helpful?

No, this book does not contain exercises. Yes, question 6 concerning exercises .The author did not include exercises in his book to make the readers understand.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous questions? if so, please comment.

None.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 9
B. How helpful were the contents? 9
C. How easy was it to understand? 9
D. Would you recommend it to others? 9
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

 

Jonathan Livingston Seagull
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main Idea that the author is trying to convey in book?

The author is trying to teach us that we should always aim higher and never be discouraged by other people. Jonathan Livingstone whom we are told in this book started flying but, he had a lot of discouragement even from his parents but, continue without fear.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally most important to you? List these seven idea followed by an explanation after each one as to why it was important to you. Use personal examples from your own life.

i. The idea that the kind of thinking Jonathan Livingston, found, its main intention was not to make him popular with other birds.

Always if one makes new things or becomes creative and innovative, the popularity comes towards him/her running after him though it was not the aim of doing that. His intention was to know how to fly and this was not known by other birds.

ii. Jonathan Livingston”s parents were very much dismayed indeed.

His parents had a lot of pain and anxiety due to Jonathan Livingston’s act of flying many meters when for them wanted him to look for food only like other birds. Jonathan Livingston. Jonathan continued to do his practical work of flying since he knew what he was doing .An example is where many people can tell me to stop studying this new course of leadership that Iam using a lot of efforts, instead of using them in enjoying like drinking and eating with other men and women. I know I want to study it and when I complete it, can be very useful to me in as far as life is concerned in one way or another. Here I can keep deaf to them and later on they can realize the importance of studying such a course and start also looking for it asking me how to trace it.

iii. Jonathan Livingston was told by his parent that he should know that he is a bone and a feather.

He didn’t mind because he was interested in knowing what he can do in air and what he cannot manage to do. It is like when a person wants to do business and he /she first do fusibility study before starting. This ends with results that help in making decision.

iv. Jonathan Livingston seagull reached the point where he could not be careful enough on upstroke.

The wings started to be pulled up. He tried ten times to overcome that as he was passing seventy miles per hour. This point is very important to me because it is reminding me that I should never give up. I should stick on what I have thought and expect it to be useful to me. One should always try until succeed.

v. Jonathan Livingston seagulls

By the time he passed fifty miles per hour, he started rolling into his dive, beak straight down. He gained momentum and continued his work. There is a proverb which says that one should try and fail but never fail to try. Therefore Jonathan did not cease to try and as he tried. He could get strength instead. This teaches me to always try until I reach my expected.

vi. We can lift ourselves out of ignorance; we can find ourselves as creatures of excellence, intelligence and skills.

This teaching teaches that we people for example should fight our ignorance ,value the fact that we are very important creatures and on addition to that we should find ourselves and increase skills and use them. He also emphasized the element of freedom.

vii. The one who were against Jonathan Livingston that he should not go to fight.

They later on joined him and mistook the place with heaven and started to have a lot of smile. This reminds us that we should never discourage other people in case we have not made any proper analysis.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so, how?

I have learned a lot in this book and will help me in my future .This story teaches me to learn and understand, discover, and to be free .These three elements have a very great relationship in life. When one understands the situation or what need for development is for example and he is free, can discover. A case is Jonathan we are told in this book, he used his time though people including his parents were not supporting his idea, but later on other gulls which had refused his ideas followed him and even requested him to teach them how to fly. This book therefore will teach me how to stick on my decision so long as it is the rational one.

This book also teaches me how to fight boredom, fear and anger. When I fight these, will help me to work well with others and not only cooperating with others but also getting an opportunity to be creative and innovative at work and even in the society. Many people do not make such changes due to fear and not using their time accordingly. This book reminds me that there is no gain without pain. Jonathan worked very hard and with a lot of discouragement, advising him to look for food only and leave that business of flying. He did not get any fear but instead his efforts were increased and worked wholeheartedly.

Jonathan in his last words advised other gulls to embrace love among themselves. This is as well a lesson to me now and in the future. With love everything will be possible. Love makes people free and if I become a leader and I shall make that sure I manifest love among people I shall be leading. Jonathan in this book is seen practicing his kindness. This indeed teaches be to be always kind. This will help me a sense of control hence building a good home, village and my country at large. Kindness will also help me to a very good people to other people since a leader should be exemplary according to the qualities of a good leader. This is of course linked to the good performance of a person as here in our country Rwanda we work basing on performance contracts we given by the one responsible for that.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why they were important to you.

This kind of thinking he had was not the way of making him popular to other gulls. It was not his intention. He was not interested in that above mentioned idea but he wanted practice for his own benefit.

“I am limited by my nature. If I were meant to learn so much about flying. I would have chats for brains, short wings, and live on mice instead of fish.”

This reminds people who are lazy and don’t want to do something or work, they look for various excuses and at the of the day fail to perfume for their betterment.

“As he sank low in the water, a strange hollow voice sounded within him.”

This is not common where one can hear a voice in himself.

5. Is there anything in the book that you do not understand or are un clear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and ,if so, how?

The statement: He learned to sleep in the air. I don’t understand how one can learn to sleep in air. Sleeping is the act that comes involuntarily, it happens without ones attention. Therefore it does not need learning. It different from driving or flying where one can learn how to do it.

Another statement he made that surprised me is where he said, so this is heaven, he thought he had reached heaven and could smile at himself. Heaven according to bible is a holy place where one cannot feel any pain, hunger and angry and no thirsty. Is I therefore asked myself whether heaven is the same as the sky where he was flying or may wanted to use a metaphor!

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises and did you find them helpful?

This book does not contain exercises. This book could have covered that book of exercises as it is used in the area of academics.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous questions? If so, please comment.

I conclude my work thank you from the bottom my heart for having accepted my request and permitted me to do this very interesting and helpful course. I shall try by all means to use a lot of efforts and do whatever you will ask me do.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

Keys to Success
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main Idea that the author is trying to convey in this book?

The author is trying to convey the Idea of not limiting ourselves in as far as richness is concerned. He has shown us various ways or keys we can use to grow rich .Some of them are as follows:
The major one he continued to emphasis in this book as a foundation of success is that of developing definiteness of major purpose. Others are like to establish a mastermind of alliance, assemble an attractive personality, to use applied faith, Go the extra mile, create a personal initiative, Build positive mental attitude .All of these and others that are not mentioned, can open the doors of success so long as one uses them accordingly. Most of the people use some of these principles without knowing them, just because they see their friends and co-workers using them and succeed.

2. What were the seven Ideas which were personally Most important to you and why? List these ideas followed by explanation after each one as to why it was important to you? Use personal examples from your own life.

i. Develop definiteness of major purpose:

This idea has opened my mind to the extent of start asking myself some questions:
What is the major purpose of studying this course of leadership?
This because I previously knew that these courses of leadership are studied by those big officials or top managers (leaders) heading big Institutions, Politicians and many others in big posts. I made a reflection to myself and asked myself, what the major purpose is then if at all am not among these leaders of the above mentioned levels.
However, I came to realize that I also need this course and my major purpose is to acquire knowledge of which I can use in different aspects of my life. I can get a promotion, change a job or create myself, hence reaching success. This is accompanied by a proverb in this book which says; “if you would plant for days, plant flowers, if you would plant years, plant tree and if you would plant for eternity plant ideas.”

ii. Alertness to Opportunity: The story of Edward Bok written in this book reminds me an assistant to my mason who were working together on my house.

A month ago they were doing various activities on my house like making a siring, painting the house to mention but a few. That assistant was a hardworking young man. He works wholeheartedly, could work as if he was working on his own house. The mason also works very hard, but the difference was that he was very expensive. He charges a lot of money compared to the work. The assistant is a quick learner. One day, I wanted to give the Mason another work that was remaining and it was not a part of the work he had completed, he charged me a lot of money and yet the work was very easy.
Due to the fact that the assistant had been manifesting is attractive personality and self –discipline while at work and on addition to that, he was not all that expensive .I gave him the work instead and did the work as it was expected. If one can see the opportunities as quick as possible, then he can succeed if you marshal then efficiently and effectively.

iii. Select the members of your alliance

The author advises us not to select or choose people for alliance merely because you like or know them .There is a friend of mine who established a business that was dealing with constructive materials. The business started booming at first because his wife was doing it herself. They earned their profits, paid taxes accordingly and customer loyalty was among her considerations. The woman became sick and let the business to be managed by her young sister. Her sister did not bother to prepare her books of accounts as well as paying the required taxes like before. The taxes accumulated and later on the business became very complicated and then collapsed. This was due to the choice that was made basing on the family relationship and neglecting the major factors such as the ability to do the work, ability to do the work in harmony and other considerations that are very crucial for success.

iv. Flexibility

The author of this book wrote a statement saying that, being able to adapt yourself quickly to changing circumstances and emergencies without panic or loss of temper is a significant skill as you struggle to succeed. I am among the local leaders at a village level in charge of development. Our top leaders at the District level promised to work on our road(fund) it to make it tarmac .However, the rain continued to damage it meanwhile looking forward for the starting of our funders. It was in that perspective that we as a team of a leaders had an initiative to try by all means and mobilize funds from people to at least put on a gravelly lateritic material (Marram) as a prevention for further damages which would likely to extend to the houses of the people around due to heavy rain which brings floods. The alliance started to succeed almost to begin implementing the action derived from our much effort. Nonetheless, some few people started to bring negative attitudes, discouraging people. Different reactions started on what sup platform until we decided to stop for a while since it had brought a lot of disagreement .We developed flexibility by allowing numerous ideas that can drive us towards our major goal.
I liked the phrase the author of this book wrote saying, A Chameleon is still a chameleon regardless of whether it is brown or green. We remained to be firm although we permitted flexibility in our plans.

v. Positive attitude, the cornerstone of an attractive personality.

I Am sure I do more than an paid for with good heart A case in point is where am caught with a lot of work at the office and I work wholeheartedly to the extent of exceeding time. I don’t ask for extra money for that but instead I become very happy and being excited by the reasonable production derived from the work done. The writer of this book also reminds me the “Golden rule”. To treat other people precisely as you wish to treat yourself. Where one finger is pointing to others, the rest of the fingers are point to you. Instead of judging for others, I first examine myself and see whether am thriving to do the right things in the right time to the right place.

vi. Criticizing without Destroying Enthusiasm.

The story of Andrew Carnegies and his Secretary is an amazing story and has taught me a lot in as far as criticism is concerned. At first he was efficient, dependable, and had a pleasing personality. The approach Carnegie used changed his secretary from bad to good behaviors and him to succeed. I myself I believe in dynamism of a human being. Firing an employee is not a priority before approaching him/her for the mistakes, errors, and indiscipline. One should first ask him to change.

vii. Tolerance

It pays a lot because you may make an immediate decision and fire the employee when he could change and make wonders .A person can change and become a good employee hence reaching his/her success.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so, how?

These Ideas or lessons will help me in a practical way both in your life and helping me to create a better world as follows:

Develop definiteness of major purpose: Most of the times we move without knowing where we are going. This idea will help me to first understand and define the purpose of my journey towards achieving my goal. This will help me on my side and even to be able to help others be it in business and to different people working in various institutions, hence reaching success.

Alertness to opportunity: This has taught me to pay attention to every opportunity and make sure that I don’t lose it anyhow. It will indeed help me to encourage other people most especially the ones I work with, the community not to misuse the opportunities they come across and through this, the idea will extend worldwide. This will result into success of many people. The idea that tells us that the intangible power of thought is our wealth, has taught me a lesson of knowing that we should think deeply to be creative for our betterment. I shall be spreading the gospel of saying that thought of a human being is the major resource as the so called minerals and other natural resources can lead us to success when there are no good thoughts to use them for the benefits of people. The emphasis that will be invested in this will yield much harvest to me and many people in our country and beyond the borders

Selection of the members of the alliance. The institution which has poor performers caused by poor selection of employees cannot develop .This idea of good selection of members of alliance is very crucial to me .I will embrace the idea of good selection of alliance in whatever I shall be planning to do in my family, at work, and beyond that, hence helping for my success.

Flexibility: This lesson will help me to use flexibility disposition where I shall be able to harmonize any situation without panic or losing temper. Sometimes, the situation, environment, conditions change from negative to bad and people leave their responsibilities. This has therefore to always be flexible and adapt with any situation prevailing. This will not only help me and my family but also the people I work with or I shall be leading.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that particularly got attention? Or are there ideas which you disagree with and if so, why?

“The Six departments of mind over which self-discipline can be maintained.”
The author mentioned different departments such as the ego or the will power, the faculty of emotions, the faculty of conscience, and the faculty of Memory. I paid attention to this because I only knew the parts of brain uch as the Medulla Oblingota, the cerebrum, celebelum, frontal bones, parietal bones and the occipital. It was very interesting to know all the departments of mind and understanding their functions.

“Going the extra mile means that you strengthen your ability to do your job and to do it well. The author explained that carrying out your tasks in a state of mind focused on improving the best service possible in the best possible attitude reinforces your skills.”

This phrase or statement of extra mile helped me to get more understanding it since am always eager to make an extra mile at my work.

5. Is there anything in this book that you do not understand or are unclear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and, if so, why?

The Ideas which I disagree with are:
People who have money to give will expect to receive something in return. I disagree with this statement because I know that there are very many people who do work of charity without expecting something in return. May be if he was also including heaven which one acquires after death.

A person’s salary is determined by the sort of service he/she renders. I also disagree with this statement since some people determine salaries basing on sentiments, relationship and many others.

6 .Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the excises and did you find them helpful?

No exercises, I did not complete the exercise because the book does not contain them.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous question? if so, please comment.

This book did not include the part of exercises that would help us to get more understanding.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

PyschoCybernetics
Assessment by Rwinkesha Erasmus (Rwanda)

1. What is the main idea that he author is trying to convey in this book?

The main idea the author is trying to convey in this book is about the relationship between self-image and the success of a human being .Self- image means how a person perceives himself or herself. The author went on giving us examples like for example the person who had a very ugly face and looked for a surgeon to change his face due to the fact that she could always have inferiority complex whenever he could be with other people. After making that surgery there was no change. He remained the same because he could as well feel the scar. Self-image should instead give person self-confidence in his or her thoughts and actions or negative, making a person hesitate or doubt of their capacities and ideas.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally most important to you and why? List these seven ideas followed by explanation after each one as to why it was important to you Use personal examples from your own life.

i. All your actions, feelings, behaviors, and even your abilities are always consistent with this image.

Self-image means how we see ourselves both internally and externally .This idea is very important to me since it reminds me the importance of the fact that these elements mentioned above such as actions, feelings, and behaviors and even abilities should always be accurately go hand in hand with the self-image. At certain level when I was still in primary school I knew that I could not score a lot of marks in mathematics because may be I failed to score highly in secondary school. Nonetheless, when I reached secondary school I decided to change that mentality and worked very hard thriving to pass it with flying colors .I was as if I wanted to remove that scar .I managed to pass it well after moving heaven and us .It is therefore very important to match all actions.feelings, behaviors and abilities with your or our own image.

ii. Self-image can change

Self–image in brief means how one perceives himself or herself .The author of this book gave us various examples, However, every person can find his own examples because this happens a day after a day in various aspects of life. I have already mentioned an example related to the change of self-image above where I could know that could manage to pass mathematics with good marks but after changing my self-image I made it .Perhaps people do not change their self-images due to the fact that they don’t have the ideas or the information on how they can change it. They instead continue to think that there is nothing the can do above it.

iii. Lecky theorized that if a student has trouble learning certain subject could be because (from the student’s point of view),it would be inconsistent for him to learn it.
He went further by saying that if the student whom he mentioned as an example could change his self-conception, which underlines this view point, his attitude towards the subject would change accordingly. This means that the change of-self-conception is proportional to the ability to pass his exams to the concentration on his studies. There is a very big relationship between those two ideas.

iv. A scar that brings happiness instead of a shame.

As this statement given by the author of this book indicates, a scar can bring happiness and this is followed by examples of an American guy called Nick Vujicic who was born without limbs (legs and arms).This man entertains thousands of people and give them pleasure and also becomes very happy regardless his big scar of not having legs and arms. This man can do various activities including swimming .He does not get any shame in his life.

v. A computer does not have a forebrain; it cannot pose problems, has no imagination and cannot set goals for itself.

Our brain and nervous system constitute a goal-thriving mechanism which operates automatically to achieve a certain goal. A computer which does not have all those important elements but still when it is used, it operates and functions well and helps to get production. What about a person or a human being who has a forebrain, can pose problems, has imagination and more so can se goals. He should change his negative self-image to positive self-image in order to set his goals and able to achieve them accordingly.

vi. If you really mean business, have an intense desire and have to begin to think intensely about all angels to the problems.

This is very good advice the author gives to the beginners of a new business. When one wants to start a business and wants it to prosper, he or she should consider the following:
The type of business, whether it is a sole proprietorship business or a parterneship, or a company. Whether it is a wholesale business or retail or a manufacturer.
He should also consider where the business is going to be located.
Should conduct those who are experienced in the same or related business, such that he can know how to go about the difficulties or challenges he may come a close
How and where to get capital to start with.
All these mentioned and many others not mentioned will help the business person to handled problems accordingly hence success to the business in place.

vii. The biggest secret of self-esteem is this: Begin to appreciate other people more, show respect for any human being merely because he is a child of God and therefore a thing of value .Stop and think when you are dealing with people.

As the author of this book said, this is the biggest secret of self-esteem.
Yesterday but on, it was on Sunday in the afternoon where we had a meeting on village level and am among the leaders on that mentioned level in charge of development. We had invited the whole population of adult people within the village to come for the meeting. In the middle of the meeting one of the speakers told one of the women who had attend by pointing to her to stand up and came close to him and started asking the attendants if they know he. They responded by saying that they know her and mentioned even her job. She is among the richest people in our village. The speaker said that it is known that mostly rich people do not attend general meetings because of raising themselves .I thank this woman who is exemplary by humbling herself. The whole congregation clapped for her. Therefore the biggest secret of self-esteem is to appreciate other people and give them respect and this will help you to get self –esteem.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in a practical way both in you daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so how?

The idea which says that all my actions, feelings, behaviors, and even my abilities should be always be consistent with this self-image. I shall make sure that they are always consistent with my self-image and this will help me not to limit myself since this will also bring self-confidence in during my actions and aspirations.

Self-image can be changed. Sometimes I argue with people telling them that I shall not get a lot of money in other words becoming very rich giving them the reason of age as a factor. That above 40yrs cannot give me an opportunity to reach that level of acquiring richness .I say that because of the comparison I make with the people of my age. After reading this book, I found that it possible if at all I change my self-image.

Scar that bring pride instead of shame. After reading this book I got this idea that a scar can bring pride instead of a shame. I always meet people with such problems .I shall make sure that I help them most especially at work through reminding them that self-image can change. All these seven ideas will help me to change my attitude and other people’s attitudes hence leading to good performance, good leadership, prospering businesses to mention but a few.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why they were important to you?

“Many people are indecisive because they fear loss of self-esteem if they are proved wrong. This statement is very crucial to me because it has made me to reflect to my daily working conditions with my collogues where some employees delay to make decisions due to the fact that they fear to be wrong and thus losing self-esteem.”

“The goal of every human being should be become a self-fulfilled person. He say, its something your born with, but must achieve it.”

This statement teaches me that things we take to be impossible to us can be possible if one changes his/her attitude or self-image.

5. .Is there anything in this book that you do not understand or are unclear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and, if so, why?

Yes,if you cannot ignore the response delay it. It is well to get clearly in your mind the fact that our disturbed, feelings, our anger, hostility, fear, anxiety, insecurity are caused by our own responses. I understand how those are caused by our responses.

6. Did this book contain excises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises and did you find them helpful?

No exercises.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on what was not covered in the previous question? If so, please comment.

No further comment.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 7
C. How easy was it to understand? 8
D. Would you recommend it to others? 7
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 7

Success through a Positive Mental Attitude
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main idea that the author is trying to convey in this book?

The main idea the author is trying to convey in this book is about the relationship between success and positive mental attitude. With positive mental attitude one can succeed whereas in negative mental attitude (NMA) pulls you even where you have reached. Positive mental attitude goes with amazing power which can attract wealth, success, happiness and health and concerning negative mental attitude, it repels them or in other words, pulls you from top where you have reached to downwards.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally most important to you and why? List these ideas followed by an explanation after each one as to why it was important to you. Use personal examples from your own life.

i. Don’t ever let me hear you say that it is God’s will that we are poor. We are not poor because of God.

This idea has reminded and taught me a lot.15 years ago, I remember a woman whom I know, she used to go to pray most of the times and had a lot of faith but which was if it was mixed with ignorance or may be exaggerations or pretence. I am saying this because her prayers could not positively manifested in her actions. She was actually not good. One day in the morning we were together in the sitting room and she told me that she wanted to pray for a very expensive car such that God will send it to her as a gift. I argued with her that she should pray but they should be accompanied with working .I further gave her an Idea of starting a business or look for any job that can be a source of an income to her hence reaching her desires as said above. No sooner had we almost concluded the conversation than her husband came and she asked him that similar question and the husband responded her like me. She was not conversant with our responses. She believed in miracles without working .She had faith without actions. This did not yield anything for till today. Sometimes people become poor due to negligence. Others try by all means but all in vain.

ii. Our attitudes shape our future:

This idea is very paramount to me due to my past situations. I remember one time when I had spent 2 weeks in bed suffering from malaria. They informed me to go to do an examination for a job which I had applied for in Rwanda Revenue Authority and then was shortlisted for a written exam. I felt I could not manage to reach there and do that exam since I had still have general malaise. Not until my elder brother kindly convinced with a lot of faith that I should try my best and go there because God answers even in difficulties, he said. He drove after accepting and managed to reach there safely. I did the exam and when the results came I was among the few people who successfully passed. Positive mental attitude leads to success if one embraces it .Up to today I still work with Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA).

iii. PMA can help to overcome your difficulties and to discover your strength.
At a village level, we have a committee of 5 people that are elected by people. I am among those 5 people in charge of development. Besides this committee that is put in place through electoral commission. We indeed put on another committee (ad hock committee) in charge of development and I am the chairman of it. However, we got the idea of making a renovation of our road in other words to make it better. People started to discourage me that we cannot manage it without government’s intervention is as far as its budget was concerned. We said we can. I started what sup group and started mobilizing funds from people residing in that village. They then manifested a tremendous participation beyond our expectations. Today we have covered more than 95% to complete that project. We have invested a lot of efforts in making mobilization of those funds and not withstanding those who are against it. With positive mental attitude one can succeed even in hardships and difficulties.

iv. Tools used by a genius like Thomas Edison were a pencil and a pen.

This is very important to me because as I get an idea and write, will help me to crystallize my thinking and then it becomes an obsession .It remains in my brain until I look for the means of implementing it. If I don’t write it there are a lot of possibilities to forget the idea hence loosing it.

v. When you invest, seek expert advice on safe investments and thus you won’t gamble and lose your principle.

This is very important idea. I know different people who make investments but because they have not consulted experts on issues like how to make financial statements, marketing their products, customer care to mention but a few, and end in loss and later on the business collapses.

vi. Share what is good and desirable and withhold that is bad and undesirable.

The more you share, the more you will have. I found this as a pleasing Idea to me. When I was still in ordinary level, they used to teach us three important words that go together and of course they encouraged us to practice them. Receiving-giving-sharing. We indeed know that when you share what you have with others in a good way, you receive blessing from God and give happiness to others as well to yourself. I cannot the statement in this book which says, one of the surest way to find happiness for yourself is to devote your energies towards making someone else happy.

vii. Formula for getting rid of guilt.
The steps which the author indicated are so much helpful to me and even to others who are interested in getting rid of their guilt .He mentioned them as follows:

Listen as you hear advice, a lecture, an inspirational sermon that could change your life.Then you count your blessings and thank God for them.
Feel sincerely sorry and ask for forgiveness.
And truly repent.
Then you will have the courage to ask for forgiveness from GOD.
Apply the golden rule.
I found this formula very important to me in my daily life be at work or in society.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so, why?

These ideas will help me in a practical way both in my daily personal life and to create a better world. For example, this formula of getting rid of guilt will be helping me in case I become guilt of something and get rid of it. This will indeed help me to mingle with other people like at work or in a society hence leading to better achievements. The ideas that remind us to share what is good and desirable and withhold that is bad and undesirable will also help me during my daily working conditions to avoid conflicts among workmates.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why were important to you.

“Anything in life is worth working for. This statement is very important to me because it reminds me where St.Paul also said that he who does not work should not eat.”

This statement discourages laziness.

“That which you share with others will multiply and that which you withhold will diminish.”

The bible also tells us to use money to get friends.

“You maintain your mental and spiritual vigor by absorbing mental and spiritual vitamins from inspirational and religious books.”

This statement is very important to me because it gives me a very good reference where I should get mental and spiritual vitamins.

“If the man is right, his world will be right.”

There are very many people in the society, institutions, countries who create or cause problems. If these people change the world can be better than it is today. If we can reflect to the history of Adolf Hitler’s past actions that resulted into a world war which left the world with un-countable problems the way we can wholeheartedly fight for a good change.

5. Is there anything in this book that you do not understand or are unclear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and, if so, why?

“We are poor not because of God.” This sentence is not very clear because nothing happens that God doesn’t know. God is supernatural. He can change everything from bad to good. When the Israelites were in the desert, they cried a lot and started to abuse Moses regretting why they didn’t leave them in Egypt and instead they caused that resentment to them. This was due to a lot of famine and hunger they were experiencing while in desert. God gave them a very positive response through Moses by giving them breads and meat from heaven.

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises and did you find them helpful?

Yes, I completed all of them. The exercises are so much helpful because they help the reader so much for the understanding of the content of the book and how to use it in our daily responsibilities.

7. Was there anything you read in the book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous questions? If so, please comment.

No, the book gives enough knowledge that is required by the reader according to me who has read it. It was much helpful.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1–10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

How to Win Friends and Influence People
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main idea that the author is trying to convey in the book?

The idea the author is trying to convey is about how to win friends and influence people of different categories .This idea is very important most especially to leaders and to the people who manage their families .The leader who has an influence to the subordinates or to the society can speak to them and pay attention to him/her hence success in as far as his plans are concerned.

2. What are the seven ideas which were personally most important to you and why? List these seven ideas followed by explanation after each one as to why it was important to you.

i. It is frequently easier to find to find fault than to find praise.

This is very true that people always magnify faults or mistakes other people have done but forget to praise them for the good things they do. Last year when I was at work my workmate made a very small error and our immediate boss started to criticize him upon that small error. I kindly told my boss that if one has a lot of work, it is very possible to make an error and if you count all the things he does well and you compare, then you would not give much value this small error he or she has made. According to the author of this book, it is not good to criticize an employee before people.

ii. It is more natural to talk about what you want than to talk about the other person wants.

This is very crucial in as far as leadership is concerned. A leader should give an opportunity to the subordinates to raise or give their ideas. Being a leader does not mean you are the only adroit person among others, but, it only due to the fact that you got a chance to be a leader and if you have both it your great advantage that you should not refrain yourself from not having good conditions with other employees or the society.
Leaders should always look for the thrilling factors to make their employees or the society good working condition or environment. Should not infuriate your subordinates as this can affect performance expected.

iii. B.F Skinner, the world famous psychologist, proved through his experiments that animals rewarded for good behavior will learn much more rapidly and retain what it learns far more effectively than an animal punished for bad behavior.

Later studies have shown that the same applies to human. Some people for example leaders rash by giving punishments like firing the employees. This results into different bad effects such as delay of work since they first look for the replacemt by recruiting other new employees or workers. The employees should know that it is possible for people to change from bad to good as the experiences show that and should indeed not forget to give rewards where it is found necessary. The leader should not wait for the mistakes to enjoy giving punishments.

iv. The desire for a feeling of importance is one of the chief distinguishing differences between mankind and the animals.

Many people do not know how important they are but they should thrive to that and value it. God himself created man in his image to distinguish him/her from other creatures such as animals and other living things and non living things. People should therefore respect each other because of their importance they have. Self importance is one of the phrases the author of this book went on emphasizing that can help to win friends and influence people. Most of the people lack this and instead start to undervalue themselves. This hinders them from making progress expected.

v. The greatest assert I posses and the way to develop the best that is in a person is by appreciation and encouragement.

This is very important to a big number of people .A case in point is where in my institution that I work with, when we hit the target, our Commissioner General writes to us a message of encouragement thanking us for the efforts invested to make the target achieved. Where one does not communicate giving that encouragement and appreciation some of employees cannot be motivated. It is in that regard that leaders /managers should always remember to deliver words of encouragements to the employees for their betterment.

vi. So, the only way with earth to influence other people is to talk about what they want and show how to get it.

This is commonly used by politicians where they know for example that people within the society are in need of water, roads or electricity (infrastructure) and they start campaigning telling them that they will provide them. What abit pains people is when they don’t fulfill what they promised the people who gave them their votes. Otherwise if they can do what they promised would be very great ideal that can encourage them to always have thirsty to give their votes.

vii. Show respect for the other person’s Opinions.

Never say, you are wrong. I used to follow different talks and conversations and even meetings. Some of able leaders in our country when they are asked questions or given ideas even when they are asked wrong question and poor ideas, they don’t criticize them negatively of give them direct attack. They tell them that their ideas cannot help them. However, they answer them indirect to make ends meet. If one tells them directly, this can discourage others and no more ideas or questions can give hence affecting the progress.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world?

All these ideas I have chosen among very many ideas the author wrote in this book, will help me to create a better world in that, they will help me to be a good leader. If I become a good leader who respects all the above mentioned ideas teaching me good leadership, I shall succeed, hence developing the Institution, the Country and extending it in different institutions through the people who will have imitated me and spreading good leadership worldwide.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that particularly got your attention? If so, please quote them and comment as to why they were important to you.

“If you are wrong, admit it quickly and emphatically.”

This principle is only done by very few people. People stick on their mistakes when they are leaders.
I know it wouldn’t do any good to argue.
I think there are some arguments which bring good things depending on who are arguing and what they are arguing about and how they manage the arguments.
If you want enemies, excel your friends, but if you want friends, let your friends excel you. I haven’t got this sentence clearly. It is as if it has contradiction.

5. Is there anything in this book that you do not understand or are un clear about, or are there ideas which you disagree and if so, why?

I know it wouldn’t do any good to argue. Only those generals who gain success can set up as dictators. Dictators cannot be found in generals only but also in other categories of people.

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises and did you find them helpful?

Yes, the book contains exercises for the leaders at the end of the book and I found them very useful to me since they helped me to examine myself.

7. Was there anything you read in this book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous question? If so, please comment.

Yes, although the author of this book did a lot of work, but, it would be more beautiful and most attractive if he would have used chapters like the previous book I finished reading.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10

Awaken the Giant Within
Assessment by Erasmus Rwinkesha (Rwanda)

1. What is the main idea that the author is trying to convey in this book?

The author of this book is trying to convey the idea that many people have gifts but they don’t use them due to the fact that they are in the envelope. He is indeed trying to remind us to uncover our talents, gifts and use them for our development. To use unlimited power that lies sleeping within us all.

2. What were the seven ideas which were personally most important to you and why? List these seven ideas followed by an explanation after each one as to why it was important to you. Use personal examples from your own life.

i. I have come to believe that all my past failures and frustrations were actually laying the foundation for the understandings that have created the new level of living I now enjoy.

My reflection to my past history is related to this idea.
I remember I became an orphan when I was very young and my education started to decline compared to how it was before. I continue to force it though difficult it was until I reached secondary school and later on at the university. I experienced a lot of failures, difficulties and frustrations but I never lose hope. I continued think deeply and worked very hard to reach where am today. Am a man with a stable and reasonable family.

ii. When we focus consistently on the improvement in any area we develop unique distinctions on how to make that area better.

This idea is very important to me in that it tells the truth. Some people start a business and fail due to different factors like little capital, bad products, poor service delivery, to mention but a few. Instead of looking for the improvement, they stop the business and lose their jobs. A small number of people who focus consistently on the improvement in the area of business or other areas succeed.

iii. We have all been created unique, but with equal opportunities for experiencing life to the fullest.

However, every person was given freedom to make decision. One may spend much time in bar drinking ,while others choose to spend their time in business or in any other activities or work that generate income to them and their families.

iv. I have learned that the resources we need to turn our dreams into reality are within us, mealy waiting for the day when we decide to wake up and claim our birthright.

This idea is vital to me because it reminds me how resources are within us and always read for us to turn them into production. There was a teacher at the university who used to teach us and could tell us that resources are there but we don’t know how to marshal them. This is so much related to what the author of this book wrote about.

v. Changing an organization, a company, a country or a world begins with the simple step of changing yourself.

This reminds me that one gives what he owns or what he or she has, cannot give what you don’t possess. Therefore in order to change your company, a country, but you should first change yourself.

vi. I attracted the woman of my dreams, married her, and created the family I desired.

This idea is exactly like what happened to me, I had a dream of marrying a woman whom I desired and this helped to create a good family.

vii. You must know that you can make a new decision right now that will immediately change your life.

There are many decisions I made and changed my life. There are others I don’t make and yet they are within me but because of fearing risk, I don’t make them.

3. How will these ideas or lessons help you in a practical way, both in your daily personal life and in helping you to create a better world? If so, why?

These ideas above are very important to me are very useful to me when I want to make a decision. These ideas have taught me how I should uncover the resources, ideas I have that can help me change my life. I have got different examples the author has wrote in this that can open my mind to help me create a better world. If I become consistent on something very important, it became successful to me and then to other people.
It has told me not to delay to make a decision. The more you delay because of fear, the more you lose chances to change yourself. It is therefore very important to stick on an idea that seem to be useful and not necessary to keep postponing at it was seen in the last books also that procrastination is not good since it hinders your success.

4. Quotes: Are there any statements which the author made that made that particularly got your attention? Please quote them and comment as to why they were very important to you.

“You must know that you can make a new decision right now that will immediately change your life. This has reminded me the reality be it on me or to other people who do give their experiences.”

“Even before you turn the page, you can make use of the power that already resides within you. Most of the people do not think about the power they have in themselves.”
I have been impressed with the ultimate formula: “Success as follows: Decide what you want. Take action. Notice what’s working to go. Change your approach until you achieve what you want.”

This formula can help me to awaken that giant within me and to the others of who can come a close to this interesting formula.

5. Is there anything in this book that you do not understand or are unclear about, or are there ideas which you disagree with and If so, why?

The author made the clear and therefore I have understood them to a very big percentage.

6. Did the book contain exercises for the reader to complete? If so, did you complete all of the exercises and did you find them helpful?

This book has no exercises to complete though it is an interesting book.

7. Was there anything you read in this book that you would like to comment on that was not covered in the previous questions? If so, please comment.

They were covered but if the author could indicate the chapters and questions to complete, would be more interesting to the reader.

Please rate the following questions on a scale from 1 to 10. Ten is good and one is poor.

A. How interesting was it to read? 10
B. How helpful were the contents? 10
C. How easy was it to understand? 10
D. Would you recommend it to others? 10
E. What is the overall rating you would give it? 10